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Biophilic Design

Biophilic design, an innovative approach to architecture and interior design, incorporates elements of nature into the built environment.

Rooted in the idea that humans need to fulfill their inherent connection with nature and benefit from being in close proximity to natural elements.

American biologist and author Edward O. Wilson popularized the term “biophilic design” in his book “Biophilia,” published in 1984, although the concept has earlier roots in architectural and design practices.

Biophilic Design Moss Wall Classic Dark Academia Aesthetic Scandinavian Interior with white couch, natural wooden table, and green pillows

Modern and current, unlike a French chateau, 2024’s modern manor melds classics with functional modernity.

Drawing from feudal English manors, and the Italian manor’s renaissance revival, modern manor houses detail with woodwork and beautiful European flare.

Biophilic Interior Design with tree and moss wall hanging over dark academia aesthetic green velvet couch inside of a medieval Italian castle
Biophilic Design Maximalist Dark Academia Living Room Interior of a Classical Italian Manor House with High Ceilings, moss rugs, and many plants

Biophillic Design History

Ancient Tradition

Throughout history, various cultures and civilizations have integrated natural elements into their architectural and design practices.

For example, the ancient Greeks and Romans used courtyards and gardens in their architectural designs. Japanese Zen gardens and Chinese courtyard houses are other examples of early biophilic design principles.

Dark Academia Aesthetic Moss Mat House Exterior
Modern Manor House in the Mountains with Topiary Gardens

Early Modernism

In the early 20th century, the modernist movement in architecture, led by architects like Frank Lloyd Wright, began to emphasize the relationship between buildings and the natural environment.

Wright’s “organic architecture” sought to harmonize buildings with their surroundings and make use of natural materials.

The Biophilia Hypothesis

Edward O. Wilson’s book “Biophilia” played a pivotal role in popularizing the concept of biophilia. In it, Wilson proposed that humans have an innate connection with nature and that we have an evolutionary need to be in contact with the natural world.

He argued that modern urban environments were often lacking in natural elements, which could lead to stress and other negative health outcomes.

Biophilic Design Plant Terrarium Living Room

Modern Biophilic Design Movement

The term “biophilic design” gained traction in the 1980s and 1990s, as designers and architects began to actively incorporate natural elements, such as daylight, plants, natural materials, and views of nature, into their projects.

This movement aimed to create environments that were not just aesthetically pleasing but also supported well-being, productivity, and a sense of connection to nature.

Plants and Moss Terrarium On Wooden Furniture with Dark Academia Interior Design Aesthetic, Muted Dark Blue Green Walls and Dark Butterly Wall Art
Plant Terrarium with Moss and Succulents inside Mid Century Modern Furniture with Biophilic Scandinavian Interior Design Aesthetic

Research and Validation

Over the years, scientific research has provided empirical evidence for the benefits of biophilic design.

Studies have shown that exposure to natural elements within the built environment can lead to improved cognitive performance, reduced stress, and enhanced overall well-being.

This research has further fueled the adoption of biophilic design principles in various fields, from healthcare to workplace design.

Biophilic Decor

Biophilic decor brings the outdoors indoors in unique and creative ways. From plant terrariums to moss walls and moss bath mats, the opportunities for indoor gardening and natural art are endless.

Dark Academia Pillow Preppy Decor with Gothic Animal Fauna Art Pattern that contains Floral Botanicals, Leaves, Birds, and Renaissance style witchy aesthetic animals

How To Grow Moss

Beautiful Dark Academia Aesthetic Tabletop Moss Garden Idea Biophilic Design

Start a moss garden indoors or out

Terrarium Plants

Forget Me Nots Flowering Plants Inside Glass Terrarium Growing in Moss Medium

Design a floral plant terrarium 

Biophilic Interior Design Decor Green Rose Throw Pillow

Rose Reverie

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Biophilic Birds

Hidden Meanings: Birds

Symbolizing freedom and individualism, birds often appeared allegorically in Renaissance art as representations of specific virtues, vices, or concepts such as wisdom, beauty, fidelity, fortitude and personal potential.

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Winsome Warriors

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